With their bushy, bushy appearance, the brooms, whose flowers are numerous and fragrant in the spring, are grown in gardens or to adorn the edges of the streets.
However, the brooms are plants that grow spontaneously in our territory and often we can find them on our way.
Plants defined as simple to cultivate because they do not require special attention to be cultivated, they also have an extraordinary ability to adapt and this allows you to grow them in pots without great difficulty.
Genisteae is a tribe, that is, an intermediate level between subfamily and genus, of plants belonging to the family of the Fabaceae.
The common name broom identifies many species of plants that belong to this tribe. They are native to Western Asia, North Africa and Europe.
Very widespread in Europe especially in the Mediterranean and also in Italy, accomplice is the mild climate it needs to grow luxuriant and strong. Even if its resistance and ability to adapt allow it to thrive and multiply even in less mild areas.
From the bushy-arbustive habit, like most of the plants that belong to this tribe, the broom can easily reach three meters high in the garden or in its natural state. Its thin stems have the typical woody color, on the brown when the plant is large enough.
Small and few leaves, arranged alternately, give a distinctive mark to these plants. About seventy different species belong to the broom tribe.
Despite the few leaves, the brooms compensate with a numerous and abundant flowering. The flowers of this plant, with an intense yellow color, are in fact abundant in the summer and pre-summer period.
About two or three centimeters in size, the brooms have very fragrant flowers that are well suited to embellish gardens and terraces.
Brooms: Cultivation Care
The brooms are very strong and leathery plants and fall, as we have already said among the plants of easy cultivation, however we see the indispensable things to know to have strong and lush plants that color our garden.
Multiplication And Propagation Of Brooms
The propagation of the brooms can be done by various methods, mainly by seeds or cuttings.
- Propagation of brooms with seeds. The seeds of this plant are harvested when they have not yet become too hard, at the end of summer the best time. While for sowing we will have to wait for the arrival of autumn, to have the first seedlings in the following spring.
- Multiplication of the brooms by cuttings. Another method widely used for the multiplication of this type of plant is by cuttings, a well known practice, namely the use of a sprig of the large plant, opposite cut and potted with potting soil or water in order to regenerate roots and then get a new plant.
The best time to do this is before the summer, to give the cuttings time to regenerate in the summer.
The Ideal Soil For Brooms
It is a very rustic plant that adapts well to any type of soil while preferring those with an alkaline substrate. Its adaptability is remarkable, therefore it has no pretension, whether it is rocky or steep, fertile or not, the broom, can take root on any type of soil.
Being a rustic and very resistant plant, it does not need watering and is well satisfied with rainwater, which is very common in our area.
Different speech if the broom has been placed in a pot, in this case it needs, even if not abundant, regular watering, being careful to water stagnations that this type of plant fears a lot.
The brooms are plants that do not need any particular fertilization, if we want once a year we can give them a help with any generic fertilizer for flowers.
The Most Common And Widespread Brooms
Let’s see which are the most common and widespread varieties of brooms in our territory, grown in soil or pots to embellish terraces and gardens:
- Smelly broom (Spartium junceum). Also known as Spanish broom, it has characteristic deep yellow flowers, which give off a very intense scent from this also called odorous broom. It is a shrubby plant (0.5 to 3.00 m high), perennial, with long stems. The leaves are lanceolate, the flowers are carried in terminal racemes of a bright yellow colour. The fruits are legumes; the seeds are dropped by gravity not far from the adult plant.
- Broom of charcoal burners (Cytisus scoparius). These plants are 60 cm to 1 – 3 m high. The biological form is of the bushy fanerophyte type, i.e. they are perennial plants, woody at the base with a bushy and robust habit, with wintering buds placed at a height between 12 and 20 cm above the ground (maximum 50 cm); in the cold season the herbaceous portions dry up and only the woody and hypogeal parts remain alive. The flowers are perfumed and coloured of golden-yellow, they are hermaphrodites, pentamers and diplomas.
- Broom lydia. With its wall-to-wall habit with drooping branches that do not rise more than 40/60 cm from the ground, this species is characterized by an exuberant and abundant flowering. Equipped with thorns on the branches, it is particularly suitable to be cultivated in pot also for its reduced dimensions compared to the other species. The flowers of the typical color of the species, intense yellow, appear in spring.
Brooms: Diseases and Parasites
Although very leathery and rustic, even brooms can be affected by different types of pests, aphids or fungi.
The broom, even if very strong, fears very much also the radical rottenness caused mainly by the stagnations of water.