Wild Calla: Characteristics And Properties
Wild gall or snake bread, plant that belongs to the family of Araceae its scientific name is Arum italicum, resulting from the widespread use of the same throughout our peninsula, the wild calla is also known as Jar, Gigaro and Grass snake.
In our country you can count at least 4 or 5 species of wild Calla spontaneous, but in total there are over thirty different species of wild calla in the rest of the world.
Extremely simple to cultivate, the wild calla is a rhizomatous plant that is composed of an underground stem called precisely rhizome which emits roots and stems.
Perennial herbaceous plant that grows spontaneously in the woods and wetlands but that you can also grow in the garden.
The wild calla is a very resistant plant so it does not need special care and since it prefers damp places and in twilight can be used in gardens to revive places few hospitable for other plants.
The leaves of this plant are shiny and deep green, with white spots. The leaves of the calla sprout directly from the tuber in autumn and dry completely in summer.
The flowers of the wild calla are ivory white with a yellowish tip, very similar to those of the domestic calla. They sprout among the leaves in the spring, with their extreme beauty will make any blind spot of your garden more alive.
The beautiful flowers of the calle after about a month leave room for its fruits, green berries that turn red when they are ripe.
Be careful that although it is frequently grown in gardens or pots as an ornamental plant it is a toxic plant, so avoid swallowing its fruits.
Wild Calla: Cultivation And Care
Wild callae are bulbous plants, so in order to plant them you have to bury bulbs that are easily available. Once you have purchased the bulbs before planting them, you must proceed to prepare the ground.
Where To Plant The Wild Calla?
We have said that the wild calla is a very resistant plant and loves shady and humid places and especially does not fear the cold. So choose a place in the garden more shady and moist, once you have chosen the right place clean the portion of land where you intend to plant the calla from all weeds, reviving the land by mixing it with soil.
How To Plant The Bulbs Of The Wild Calla
To plant our first callae in the right way, we need to observe a few simple rules:
- The bulbs must be buried at a depth of about ten to fifteen centimeters, then make holes of the right depth.
- Spaced out the holes so that the plants do not grow too close together.
- Insert the bulbs into the holes and after burying them, slightly water the ground.
At this point the game is done in fact once buried the bulbs of our callae properly they will not need much care to grow and develop.
When Do We Need To Water Our Callae?
The wild calla is a resistant plant that is satisfied with the water of the rains and therefore should be watered rarely except in periods of flowering and prolonged drought.
When To Fertilize The Wild Calla
Although wild calla is a very resistant plant at a very short time of year, it needs a small supply of nutrients.
Fertilization of wild callae should be done from the end of winter until the beginning of summer, for the rest of the year can safely be suspended. For the type of fertilizer to be used, prefer one with a high value of potassium and low phosphorus and above all do not exaggerate with the fertilizer.
Wild Gall: Diseases And Parasites
The wild calla, despite being a very resistant plant, fears the rottenness of the roots and therefore avoid stagnation of water when watering that can rot the roots.
The most dangerous parasites for wild callae are the red spider and cochineal. If the callae are infested in both cases, it is possible to eliminate the two parasites with a commercially available insecticide acaricide.
If you do not want to use an insecticide and the infestation is not extremely serious, you can resort to natural remedies to eliminate the cochineal, such as trying to clean the plant with cotton wool soaked in water and alcohol.